The lift is an essential tool to overcome the barrier of some significance, meets the criteria for designing accessible and inclusive, but the same technical standards for accessibility of buildings explains the cases where it can be omitted, as long as they meet certain condition.
The legislation requires compliance with the technical requirements to ensure accessibility, visitability and adaptability in private buildings and public housing.
According to Act 13 of 1989, the design must have:
1. technical devices suitable for the installation of mechanisms for access to the upper floors, including stairlifts;
2. appropriate access to the common areas of the buildings and individual units;
3. at least one access floor, no steps or ramps suitable lifting equipment;
4. installation, in the case of properties with more than three levels above ground, a lift to all main staircase accessible by ramps with no steps.
The DM 236/89 specifies that in residential buildings with no more than three levels above ground is permitted derogation to the installation of mechanisms for access to the upper floors, including stairlifts, provided it is given the possibility of their installation in a later time.
The elevator must be installed, however, in all cases in which access to the highest housing unit is placed over the third layer, and including any basement levels and / or porches.
It should however be stressed that even in those cases where there is the possibility of derogation is necessary to provide and ensure the possibility of the installation of an elevator or other lifting means at a subsequent time.
Going over the same standards as the inclusion of an elevator is not only important for people with disabilities but also for the elderly, pairs of parents with children and the situations of temporary disability due to special events.
The presence of the lift also involves an increase in value of the property. On the other hand the negative impact that its absence causes during the process of use of a building and of city services is demonstrated in all those cases in which people are forced to stay indoors because of the inability to overcome the stairs.
Finally, there is a cultural thing that recognizes the universal design tool to improve the quality of life in our city: a component such as a lift, subject to a '"wide users" should be considered as an integral part of a careful planning to needs of people.
Law of 9 January 1989, n. 13
"Provisions to support the overcoming and removal of architectural barriers in private buildings."
Ministerial Decree - Ministry of Public Works June 14, 1989, n. 236.
"Technical regulations necessary to ensure accessibility, adaptability and visitability of private buildings and public housing subsidized and subsidized, in order to overcome and the elimination of architectural barriers."
Translated via software
Italian version of ReteIngegneri.it